Republic Day

Why do we celebrate 26th January as Republic Day?

Republic Day:

India is celebrating its 74th National Republic day on January 26, 2023. The Constitution of India, which the Constituent Assembly adopted on November 26, 1949, came into effect on January 26, 1950. On January 26, 1950, the Indian Constitution was formally adopted, and that event is memorialized on Republic Day. India was freed from the British Raj in 1947. However, it wasn’t until January 26, 1950, that the Indian constitution took effect, making India a sovereign state and establishing it as a republic.

India achieved independence on 15th August 1947. It took nearly 3 years to draft the constitution, and 26th January 1950 was chosen as the official enactment date as a nod to the “Purna Swaraj” declaration made during 1930. The country officially came to be known as the Republic of India — a “sovereign socialist secular democratic republic” that “secures all its citizen’s justice, liberty, equality, and fraternity,” according to its preamble.

India commends its Republic Day on January 26 every year. Republic Day is a public event in India. However, to make the day unforgettable, students and instructors organize cultural programs and performances in schools with patriotic emotion and passion.

The biggest Republic Day festivities take place in New Delhi, the nation’s capital, at Rajpath (formally known as “Kartavya Path”), in front of the Indian President. On this day, ceremonious motorcades happen at the Rajpath, which proceeded as a recognition of India; its solidarity in variety, and its rich social legacy.

How is India’s Republic Day Celebrated?

Republic Day

The main event for a holiday is a massive parade held in the capital of New Delhi, which includes cultural, historical, and military displays. On this day, the President unfurls the national flag followed by a spectacular military and cultural ceremony. Additionally, the valiant troops who served the country are recognized with the Paramvir Chakra, Ashok Chakra, and Vir Chakra by the President of India.


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