Cardiac Arrest: Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

What is cardiac arrest?

Cardiac arrest happens when your heart stops beating or beats so fast that it stops pumping blood. People often collapse and become unresponsive during cardiac arrest. . Because of this, it is often referred to as sudden cardiac arrest. If you don’t receive quick treatment, the situation could become deadly.

What are the Causes of Cardiac Arrest

  • Irregular heart rhythms called arrhythmias cause cardiac arrest.
  • Children who have experienced choking or drowning may experience cardiac arrest after experiencing respiratory arrest (when breathing has stopped).
  • Sometimes the cause of cardiac arrest is not Known.
  • Sometimes an activity or behavior triggers a cardiac arrest Possible triggers include:
  • Heavy alcohol use or binge drinking
  • Severe emotional stress in the prior month
  • Influenza (flu) infection in the prior month
  • Physical exertion or physical stress

What are the Symptoms of Cardiac Arrest

  • Sudden collapse.
  • No pulse.
  • No breathing.
  • Loss of consciousness.
  • Chest discomfort.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • But sudden cardiac arrest often occurs with no warning.

What are the Emergency Treatments for Cardiac Arrest

Steps to help a person having a cardiac arrest are listed below.

  • Whether you notice someone on the ground, see if they may be revived by yelling at them or tapping on their body. Check for a pulse and respiration. Call 9-1-1 for assistance if the person is not breathing properly and is not responding.
  • Start CPR.
  • Locate an AED. Give the patient a shock to restart their heart by adhering to the AED’s voice instructions.
  • Emergency therapy for cardiac arrest that may be brought on by opioid overdose should include the administration of naloxone. Naloxone is a drug carried by first responders. If you are trained to administer naloxone and the patient is known to be at risk of an opioid overdose, you can treat them before emergency personnel arrives.
  • Keep performing CPR until emergency personnel arrives and take over. In addition to doing CPR, emergency personnel may administer additional shocks using an AED to correct the patient’s irregular heartbeat. Additionally, they might provide medications via an intravenous (IV) line.

Prevention of Cardiac Arrest

There are many factors that can raise the risk of Cardiac arrest. Some of the more severe risks cannot be controlled, but there are many factors that you can control.

  • Your heart’s worst enemy is cholesterol. High cholesterol can block your arteries and raise the risk of cardiac arrest. Try to reduce the intake of salt, saturated fats, and added sugars. Take in plenty of fruits, green vegetables, and whole grains.
  • Smoking cigarettes can raise blood pressure, and a higher risk of cardiac arrest increases the danger. According to studies, smokers are more vulnerable to cardiac arrest. Decide to give up smoking.
  • Exercise has a variety of possible advantages, one of which is that it enhances circulation, hence enhancing heart health. It also aids with weight maintenance. Your heart will benefit from 15 to 20 minutes of exercise each day.
  • Sleep deprivation and difficulty falling asleep both increase the rest of cardiac arrest. You are more likely to develop ailments if your sleep patterns are erratic. A person typically needs seven to eight hours of sleep per night to keep healthy. When it comes to heart health, You must however make sure that you get enough sleep

Cardiac arrest vs. heart attack

  • Cardiac arrest occurs when your heart’s normal rhythm is overridden by quick, aberrant impulses. An electrical problem exists.
  • Heart attacks happen when blocked arteries prevent blood from reaching your heart. The most frequent reason for cardiac arrest is a heart attack.

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(The IBC NewsTV team may have changed just the report’s headline and cover image; the remaining text was created automatically from a syndicated feed.)

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